A wheat allergy is caused by a misdirected immune system.
Although wheat is harmless, there are several proteins in wheat (albumin, globulins, gliadins and gluten) that trigger the body of an allergic person to fight back.
When you eat or inhale wheat flour, your body releases antibodies called immunoglobulins which then trigger other chemicals in your body to attack wheat allergens.
The fight between your body and the allergen can cause a variety of allergy symptoms.
A common symptom of a wheat allergy is difficulty breathing.
These difficulties range from nasal congestion to a swollen throat to anaphylaxis.
The most dangerous is anaphylaxis, which is potentially fatal.
With anaphylaxis, your throat can swell or tighten, and your chest can start to hurt.
In addition, you suffer from severe difficulty breathing and difficulty swallowing.
Anaphylaxis is also accompanied by pallor, dizziness and a weak pulse.
If anaphylaxis occurs, immediate medical attention is required.
If there is an epinephrine injection nearby, people who have an allergic reaction should use it.
Two other respiratory problems associated with wheat allergy are wheat-dependent anaphylaxis, exercise-induced, and baker’s asthma.
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis occurs in some people with wheat allergies after they eat wheat and then exercise.
The result is the potentially fatal anaphylaxis mentioned above.
People with this condition may experience a similar reaction if they eat oats and then take aspirin within the next few hours.
While baker’s asthma is an allergy that is triggered by people who inhale wheat flour; the result is breathing problems.
When it comes to baker’s asthma, the problem may be wheat protein, like a common wheat allergy, or it may be mold found in flour.