The Taíno culture almost died out after being settled by Spanish colonists, mainly due to infectious diseases to which they had no immunity. The first recorded smallpox outbreak in Hispaniola was in December 1518 or January 1519.
Where were the Tainos?
Taíno Indians, a subgroup of the Arawakan Indians (a group of Northeastern American Indians South America), inhabited the Greater Antilles (consisting of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola [Haiti and the Dominican Republic], and Puerto Rico) in the Caribbean Sea at the time Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World.
Where are the Arawaks located?
arawak, American Indians the Greater Antilles and South America. The Taino, a subgroup of the Arawak, were the first indigenous people Christopher encountered Columbus on Hispaniola. The island of Arawak was virtually wiped out by Old World diseases to which they had no immunity.
What language do the Tainos speak?
The first Native American peoples Columbus encountered—in the Bahamas, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico—were the Arawak-speak Taino. Their language became extinct within a hundred years of the invasion. Spanish and many other European languages inherited a number of borrowings from Arawak Languages.