Lars Fredrik Nilson
Where does the name Thulium come from?
By Theodore Cleve of Sweden discovered holmium in 1879 while working on erbium earth (erbium oxide). Thulium oxide (Holmia) was present as an impurity in the Erbia. The element is named after Thule, the ancient name for Scandinavia.
Where is scandium found on earth?
Source: Scandium does not occur freely in nature, but in minute amounts in over 800 minerals. Rare minerals from Scandinavia and Madagascar (Thorveitite, euxenite, and gadolinite) are the only known concentrated sources of the element.
Where was scandium discovered?
Scandium was discovered by Lars Frederick Nilson (a Scandinavian) in 1876 in the minerals euxenite and gadolinite, which had previously not been found anywhere except in Scandinavia. He and his colleagues were actually looking Rare earth metals.
Is scandium rare?
A bit of background: scandium is a chemical element with symbol Sc and atomic number 21. A silvery-white metallic element historically sometimes classified as a Rarely Earth element, along with yttrium and the lanthanides. Regarding the earth’s crust, scandium is not special Rarely.
Who is scandium named after?
Lars Fredrik Nilson and his team discovered this element in the minerals euxenite and gadolinite in 1879. Nilson Produced 2 grams of high purity scandium oxide. He named the element scandium, from the Latin scandia, meaning “Scandinavia”.
Which family does scandium belong to?
Is scandium a solid?
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter), e.g. gas, fixed or liquid. This item is a fixed. scandium is classified as a “transition metal” residing in groups 3 – 12 of the periodic table.
What metal is scandium?
Scandium is a relatively soft, silver-white metal. Scandium is a silvery Metal, which is soft and has a density about three times that of water.
What are some interesting facts about scandium?
This member of the transitional group is a silvery white historically classified as rare Earth Element. Interesting Facts About Scandium: Scandium was discovered in 1879 by Lars Fredrik Nilson, who named it after Scandinavia. Its existence was originally predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev ten years earlier.
How much is scandium worth?
Metallic scandium was first produced in 1937 and the first pound (0.45 kilograms) of pure scandium was produced in 1960. Scandium is a soft, light metal that could find application in the aerospace industry. With a cost of $270 per gram ($122,500 per pound) scandium is too expensive for widespread use.
Where was iodine discovered?
discovery of iodine. Iodine was discovered by Bernard Courtois in 1811 France. Courtois tried to extract potassium chloride from seaweed. After crystallizing the potassium chloride, he added sulfuric acid to the remaining liquid.
Where was niobium discovered?
Niobium was discovered in 1801 by Charles Hatchett in an ore called columbite England in the 1750s by John Winthrop the Younger, the first governor of Connecticut, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Hatchett named the new element columbium. He could not isolate the free element.
Where was titanium discovered?
Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, Great Britain, by William Gregor in 1791 and was named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth after the titans of Greek mythology.
Where was indium discovered?
indium was discovered by the German chemists Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymus Theodor Richter in 1863. Reich and Richter had looked for traces of the element thallium in samples of zinc ores. A bright indigo line in the spectrum of the sample indicated the existence of indium.
Is scandium radioactive?
There is none radioactive isotopes of scandium usually found in nature. Like all elements synthetic radioactive isotopes of scandium exist. It occurs in thortveitite and in small amounts in other minerals.
How do you get scandium?
It is present in minute amounts in many minerals, most notably monazite. However, it is only economical extract it from uranium ore residues and from the minerals euxenite, gadolinite and thortveitite. Most scandium not extracted from uranium residues is mined in Scandinavia, Iceland and Madagascar.
Where was germanium discovered?
Germanium was discovered in 1886 by Clemens A. Winkler Germany, in a mineral sample from a silver mine. Analysis showed that the sample – a fairly rare mineral called argyrodite – contained 73-75% silver, 17-18% sulphur, 0.2% mercury and 6-7% of a new element Winkler named germanium.
Where was manganese discovered?
Proposed as an element by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774, manganese was discovered by Johan Gottlieb Gahn, a Swedish chemist, by heating the mineral pyrolusite (MnO2) in the presence of charcoal later this year.
Where was rubidium discovered?
Rubidium was discovered by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in 1861 Heidelberg, Germany, in the mineral lepidolite by spectroscopy. Because of the bright red lines in its emission spectrum, they chose a name derived from the Latin word rubidus, meaning “deep red.”
What Are the Physical and Chemical Properties of Scandium?
scandium Metal is a silvery white solid with a slight pink or yellow tint when exposed to air. It has a melting point of 1,538 °C (2,800 °F) and a boiling point of about 2,700 °C (4,900 °F). Its density is 2.99 grams per cubic centimeter.
Which element is 39?
Yttrium is a chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39. It is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and has often been classified as a “rare earth”. element“.
Is titanium a solid liquid or a gas?
At sufficiently high temperature and sufficiently low pressure titanium melts and vaporizes (becomes a gas), but usually it is a fixed Metal. Originally answered: Is titanium a liquid?, solid or gaseous? In the periodic table it is a transition metal. And metals are solids.